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APCA - AMATEUR AND PROFESSIONAL CARTOONISTS ASSOCIATION

SPONSORED BY ELSMORE'S ABC'S OF CARTOONING

MEMBERS .HALL OF FAME .BOOKS .GAG WRITING .GUEST CARTOONS
CARTOON LINKS .SELLING .BULLETIN BOARD .LIST OF COMICS .GLOSSARY .TIPS
 

GLOSSARY

ACETATE:

A transparent plastic material used as a support for art work or an overlay.

ACRYLIC PAINT:

A water soluble paint. A Polymer based in synthetic resin.

AIRBRUSH:

A paint sprayer used to produce a fine spray of ink or paint

ALL RIGHTS:

When a publisher purchases exclusive ownership of your cartoons. He can publish, republish or sell your cartoons without further compensation to you.

ANTHROPOMORPHISM:

Giving human attributs to things other than people.

AUDIOVISUAL
PENCIL:

Pencils that have was lead. Ideal for  working on film cel.

BALLOONS:

An area within a cartoon frame which is separated by a line and contains the dialogue.

BENDAY:

A thin film comprised of various densities of dots used by cartoonists to create halftones (shading). Also called Screen, Zip-a-tone and Mechanical tints.

BLEED:

When one color runs into another or when ink soaks into the paper making an ink line fuzzy.

BLOCKING OUT:

To paint out sections of art work before reproduction.

CEL ANIMATION:

Animation inked and painted on a clear acetate "cel."

COLLATERAL:

A printed self-promotion flyer used to market one's services.

COMPS:

Comprehensive rough, yet detailed drawing to show client what finished art will look like.

COPYRIGHT:

Exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish or sell literary or artistic work. All that is required to create a copyright is to print the word copyright and or the symbol ©, the year and your name.

FERRULE:

The metal section of a brush that holds the bristles.

FIRST RIGHTS:

Publisher gets to publish your cartoon the first time, one time. Artist agrees not to use the cartoon for a limited amount of time.

FIXATIVE:

A clear solution that is sprayed over art work to form a protective coating without altering the the art work.

GAGLINE:

The words printed directly beneath the cartoon, also called the caption

GOUACHE:

An opaque type of watercolor, also called body color

GUM ARABIC:

Water soluble gum used as a binder for gouache watercolor.

HATCHING:

Drawing a series of lines and then  drawing another series of lines at right angles to the first (crosshatching) to produce shading.

HOT-PRESSED:

A reasonably hard, smooth surface paper.  Mainly used for pen,ink or pencil

INBETWEENING:

If a second of animation requires 12 cartoons, the animation studio may draw the first, sixth and twelfth frames. An inbetweener draws all the rest.

KERNING:

Is when the letters in a word fit into eack other. Lettering done with kerning takes up less space.

KILL FEE:

Portion of the agreed-upon price received for work that was started, but then canceled.

MECHANICAL TINTS:

See Benday. Also called Screens and Zip-a-tone.

MAT:

A dull, non-reflective surface.

MORGUE:

A collection of pictures of all kinds for use as an art reference.

MOTION ECHOES:

Lines used to show repeated movement.

NOT PAPER:

Not hot pressed. This paper has a textured finish suitable for soft-pencil, gouache watercolor and ink wash.

O.A. :

Publisher pays on acceptance of your cartoon.

O.P. :

Publisher pays when he publishes your cartoon.

ONE-TIME RIGHTS:

The right to publish your cartoon one time only (not the first time).

PANEL:

A boxed-in cartoon, can be single panel, double panel or multiple panel.

PENCIL TEST:

A test video used to make sure that  pencilled animated scenes move well before they are inked.

PMT:

Photomechanical transfer - a photostat produced without a negative, sort of like the Polaroid process.

P.O.P:

 Point of purchase - display device used at retail store to attract attention to a product. Also called P.O.S. (Point-of-sale).

POSTER PAINT:

An inexpensive watercolor paint, coarser and less permanent than gouache

QUARTO:

A piece of paper folded in half twice. A greeting card.

QUERY:

A letter of inquiry to a editor  or buyer that you would like to sell your cartoons to.

ROUGH PAPER:

Comes in various roughness and thickness. Usually needs to be stretched before use.

ROUGHS:

Preliminary sketches of cartoons.

ROYALTY:

Agreed percentage paid by the publisher to the cartoonist for each copy of his work.

SCREENS:

See Benday. Also called Mechanical tints and Zip-a-tone

SIGNAGE:

Banners, posters - any graphic designed to be viewed from a distance.

SLANT:

The subject mater of your cartoon. For example, if a magazine wants only cartoons about doctors.

SPOTS:

A small drawing used to break up an otherwise boring block of text.

STRIP CARTOON:

A series of of small cartoons which tell a story.

STYLO TIP PEN:

A pen with a reservoir used by graphic designers. It produces a line of constant width. Interchangeable nibs for different widths.

VELOX:

A photoprint that has been transformed into line art by means of a halftone screen.

WASH:

The application of transparent color or watercolor black for a pastel or gray tone effect.

WHIZ LINES:

Broken lines used in a cartoon to indicate motion, direction and speed.

ZIP-A-TONE:

Trade name. See Benday

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